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Thursday, 24 September 2020

Certificate | Certificate Online, What is a Certificate? Types of Certificates and Purposes

  Propertrick       Thursday, 24 September 2020

Certificate: A certificate is essentially a document that contains a certified statement about a particular aspect, or a subject. A certificate also serves as proof or evidence of ownership of an object, a title or an event. There are many types of certificates, the most well-known ones being academic certificates and medical certificates. Certificates such as the academic certificates are acquired after the candidate passes a particular exam or a test.

The process of attesting or confirming a certain aspect of a person or an organization is called certification. Certifications are often awarded by methods such as accreditation, audit and assessment. Sometimes, certificates are also handed for participation or to just boost morale. Historically, certificates served the same function as they do today – that is to verify or attest a particular aspect or a confirmation of certain character of a person, organisation, or an object. Certifications are of many types – each catering to their own specific requirements. Read on to explore more.

Certificates Types

There are many types of certifications awarded the most prominent are:

  • Academic certificates
  • Professional certificates
  • Cybersecurity certificates
  • Digital certifications
  • Medical certificate
  • Character Certificate
  • Community Certificate

Academic Certificates

An academic certificate is a document certifying that an individual has cleared an exam, a series of tests or has received a specific education.

  • Matriculation Certificate: The most well-known academic certificate is the matriculation certificate. This certificate is awarded to students who have cleared their class 10 or 10th-grade exams. Around the world, it is known by many names – in Ireland, it is called the Leaving Certificate. In Australia, it is known as the Higher School certificate. Some parts of the United Kingdom administer the GCSE, while the CBSE in India administers the All India Secondary School Examination.
  • Provisional Certificate: Provisional certificates are certificates that are used on behalf of the original academic certificate stating that the student has cleared their respective exam. This certificate is usually downloaded by the student off the internet from the official result site, and it is then attested by a notary or their respective educational institution.
  • Gap Certificate: Another type of academic certification is the Gap certificate, which is a kind of self-declaration made using a type of stamp paper (non-judicial Stamp paper) that justifies a break taken by a student during an academic course. Gap certificates are usually required if the student wishes to restart or resume an academic course.
  • Bonafide Certificate
  • Sslc Certificate
  • Transfer Certificate
  • Study Certificate
  • PUC Certificate

Professional Certificates

Online Professional certificates are certificates that state that the holder has the necessary skills, experience and knowledge to perform a specific job or task. The certificate is usually an attestation of the aforementioned provided by a third party, professional societies or universities. Professional certificates are of three types:

  • Product-specific certifications
  • Profession-wide certifications
  • Internal certifications
  • Migration Certificate
  • Salary Certificate
  • Internship Certificate
  • Income Certificate
  • Gst Certificate
  • Residence Certificate
  • TDS Certificate
  • Noc Certificate
  • Nativity Certificate
  • Registration Certificate
  • SSL Certificates

Community Certificate

  • Community Certificate: In India, a community certificate is a document that is issued by the government to certify that an individual belongs to one of the designated social castes present in India. This certificate is often required to be furnished when an individual claims reservation for a job, education or other benefits. This certification is often used by unique categories such as the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes as identified in the Constitution of India. Many exams and job postings in India have reservations for these categories, hence, a community certificate is required if an individual seeks to claim reservation.
  • Self Declaration Of Minority Community Certificate
  • Caste Certificate
  • Birth Certificate
  • Death Certificate
  • SC Certificate
  • Obc Certificate
  • Life Certificate
  • Disability Certificate
  • Online Birth Certificate
  • Marriage Certificate Online
  • Legal Heir Certificate

Character Certificate

character certificate or a police certificate is a certificate issued by a government authority, police, or any other institution to an individual stating that the latter does not have any criminal proceedings nor bad records in their previous institutions.

  • Police Clearance Certificate
  • Police Verification Certificate
  • Conduct Certificate
  • No Objection Certificate

Cyber Security Certificates

Cybersecurity certificates are usually standards and techniques set to ensure the safety of the user's data during online interactions. When we interact through an online platform, there are many risks that we are exposed to – such as malware, spyware, trojans, viruses, worms, rootkits, backdoors, logic bombs and more. In order to prevent these malicious programs from exploiting our data, there are tools and practices that safeguard our data. These include security concepts, guidelines, policies, risk management approaches and best practices and updated technologies.

Digital Certificates

Also called a Public Key Certificate, it is an electronic "key" that encrypts the information that is transferred between users and a website. This encryption is necessary because the number of people and the number of businesses online increases every year. Moreover, when the internet was created, security was not a priority because it was designed to be an open communications network. Over time, criminals have found ways to exploit information, thereby stealing data and money. Hence, digital certificates were introduced as a solution to this problem.

Medical Certificate

A medical certificate is a statement issued by a qualified medical practitioner or a doctor attesting the result of the medical examination of a patient. Medical certificates are required for employment purposes, to make insurance claims, for tax benefits, or for legal purposes. Medical certificates also act as a sick note, stating that an employee unfit for work. Medical certificates are also furnished by students in case of absence stemming from illness. Sometimes, medical certificates are used to certify that an individual is free of a contagious disease, mental illness, or other health issues.

  • Medical Certificate Format
  • Physical Fitness Certificate
  • Medical Fitness Certificate

Other Certificates

  • Encumbrance Certificate

Conclusion on Certificates

Certificates are important documents that attest to facts or other information. Some certificates are required for employment purposes or educational purposes. Similarly, medical certificates are used to attest that an individual is fit/unfit for employment. From an information technology perspective, certificates can also be used to ensure the safety of personal data during online interactions.

FAQ's on Certificates

Question 1.
What do you mean by certificate?

Answer:
A certificate is a document that contains a certified statement/ attestation about a particular aspect, or a subject.

Question 2.
What is a community certificate?

Answer:
A community certificate is a document that is issued by the government to certify that an individual belongs to one of the designated social castes present in India.

Question 3.
What is a matriculation certificate?

Answer:
Matriculation certificate is a certificate awarded to students who have cleared their class 10 or 10th-grade exams. The term was introduced during the British Raj, however, it is still currently used in India.

Question 4.
What is a gap certificate?

Answer:
A gap certificate is a kind of self-declaration made using non-judicial Stamp paper that justifies a break taken by a student during an academic course.

Question 5.
What is a provisional certificate?

Answer:
Provisional certificates are certificates that are used on behalf of the original academic certificate stating that the student has cleared their respective exam.

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